Times Article 29-12-19

Workers refuse to take ill health sitting down — they get a Standing Desk instead.
Workers who stand at their desks typically use 12% more energy, according to scientists. Avoiding sitting in a chair all day can help people to stop gaining weight, they say. They measured the energy consumed by people who stand while at their desks compared with those who sit and found the muscles that people use to keep upright burn relatively large amounts of energy. Standing Desks are increasing in popularity, driven by a growing concern about “sitting-down syndrome”, the term used by doctors to describe the mix of poor circulation, low lung capacity, obesity and lethargy often found in people whose sedentary lifestyles mean that they spend much of their time seated.  James Betts, professor of metabolic physiology at Bath University, who led the study, said: “Prolonged sitting is a major health concern”  He said the “proliferation of height-adjustable work stations” as well as wearable technologies have “the potential . . . to facilitate effective management of body mass”. His team worked out that standing increased people’s energy consumption by about 10 calories an hour. This means that standing all day would burn calories roughly equivalent to a sweet snack, such as one milk chocolate digestive biscuit, which typically contains about 85 calories. This sounds small but it is also roughly the amount by which people overeat each day. That is the real cause of the slow, steady weight gain that many experience as they grow older.His team measured the rates at which people consumed oxygen and exhaled CO2 while seated compared with standing, using the results to calculate their energy usage. “We showed that standing expends 12% more energy than sitting,” Betts and his colleagues said in a research paper.  Concerns about the health of people who sit for a long time every day, such as issues with backs, necks and hips, recently prompted the Health and Safety Executive to warn employers that they have a “general duty to ensure that seating is safe and that it does not pose a health risk to employees”. Betts warned that although standing at a desk might stave off weight gain, it would not help people to lose weight. Exercise is essential for this. “The focus should be on regularly interrupting prolonged sedentary behaviours, both sitting and standing still, to insert physical activity that gives your muscles some work to do and adds to your rate of energy expenditure,” he said.

http://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/f4e91352-298d-11ea-b2b2-6b1a74c53225

In the UK we spend an average of up to 12 hours a day sitting.

You might think this doesn’t apply to you or you may sit even longer, however, most of us sit more than we should. You can calculate the time you spend sitting at getting Britain Standing.

On average we spend more than 85% of our time in the office sitting down. In Scandinavia they’ve realised the positive affects sit-stand desks offer – 80% of office workers are using them.

In Denmark, it is expected for an employer to offer sit-stand desks. Although most would agree that adjusting between sitting and standing would benefit most of us, only 1% in the UK have access to height-adjustable desks.

Double Your Energy

Within minutes of standing and walking, a person’s energy expenditure doubles.

Improve Your Mood

Those who sit for more than six hours per day show more signs of psychological distress than those who sit less. Standing at your desk has been shown to improve your mood and reduce depression, fatigue, and tension.

Harness Joint & Muscle Movement 

The musculoskeletal movement required to consistently transition from sitting to standing counteracts the health repercussions of the modern workday routine.

Boost Your Productivity 

Standing at your desk has been shown to raise productivity by up to 45%.

Lose Weight 

Lose almost six pounds a year by standing instead of sitting for six hours a day.

Improve Mental Focus

Moving enhances the creation of new brain cells, improving critical thinking and focus.

Lower Your Risk of Disease 

A sedentary, physically inactive lifestyle is the fourth leading cause of mortality worldwide. Standing has been linked to lower rates of heart attacks, strokes, and diabetes.